GESHURI INDUSTRIES

Abstract The agrochemical company Geshuri Industries was founded in 1979 in Israel for the production of fertilisers and pesticides in the agriculture sector. But in 1982 their factories in Kfar Saba were closed due to their environmental pollution in the territory which had generated an important opposition by the society and investigations by the Israeli Ministry of Environment. Despite the negative impact of the company’s activity, in 1987 the Government of Israel encourage the CEO of the company, Ben Zion Geshuri, to build their new chemical factories in the industrial zone of Nitzanei Shalom, located in the Palestinian district of Tulkarem in the Occupied Territories of West Bank. Since then, agricultural production in Tulkarem have reduced due to the air, land and water pollution. Meanwhile the cases of cancer, reproductive, respiratory and ocular diseases have increased, according to scientific and officials reports. This contamination has specially affected the reproductive health of Palestinian women in Tulkarem who have suffered from abortions, premature birth and babies’ weight problems. The Palestinian population have denounced and demonstrated against the harmful activity of Geshuri Industries which is affecting their agriculture and the health of their people1. The Israeli public institutions instead of offering information, assistance and/or support to the people’s problems, have violently repressed the demonstrations. Furthermore, the National Labour Court of Israel, contradicting the 2007 sentences of the High Court, denied equal rights between Israeli and Palestinian workers who are working in Geshuri Industries in the industrial zone of Nitzanei Shalom. Geshuri is one of the 200 Israeli companies located in the occupied territories. The practices of these companies show a common pattern of human rights violations. From the air pollution to the poor waste management, which remind us of the environmental contamination of Israel Chemical Industries (ICL) in Sallent, Catalonia2. Geshuri Industries produce pesticides, cement and other chemical substances which are certified by their use according EU security standards and thus, imported to the communitarian economical area.
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